|Guidelines for Submitting papers for publication|
In its Papers and Procedings, the Tasmanian
Historical Research Association publishes original papers on the
history of Tasmania, and on other places where there is a considerable
Tasmanian connection. Papers that have been or are about to be
published elsewhere will not be considered for publication.
Unsolicited manuscripts are welcome and
authors do not have to be members of THRA. The Editor reserves the
right to decline publication.
The copyright of papers published in Papers
and Procedings remains with authors. Apart from fair dealing permitted
under the provisions of the Copyright Act, requests to reproduce
extracts from a paper will be forwarded to the relevant author.
In general, the text of papers should not
exceed 10,000 words. An author proposing to write a longer paper should
discuss this with the Editor before submitting. Shorter papers are
welcome. When submitting a paper, please supply your full contact
details, including an email address and a phone number.
Illustrations are very welcome, but authors
will need to supply photographs and other graphics as separate
production-quality electronic files (jpgs or tiffs scanned at 300 dpi
and at A4 in size). Authors are responsible for obtaining permission to
reproduce illustrations where this is required, and will need to supply
documentation. The inclusion of specific illustrations will be at the
discretion of the Editor.
Papers should be sent to the Editor as
Microsoft Word documents on disk, accompanied
by a double-spaced typescript in hard copy. Images for inclusion as
illustrations should be copied on to the disk as separate jpg or tiff
The copy of the paper and the disk should be
posted to: The Editor, THRA P&P, PO Box 441, Sandy Bay 7006
Papers can be submitted by email to
email@example.com. However, any images to be included in the paper
will need to be submitted on disk and posted to the Editor.
Contributions will be acknowledged soon
after they are received. If the Editor fails in this, a reminder will
Authors receive a copy of their edited paper
to review before the text is finalised and will also be asked to
proofread their paper before it is forwarded to the printers. In
addition, a proof copy from the printers is sent to each author for
checking before it is authorised for printing.
An author is sent three complimentary copies
of the Papers and Procedings
in which his or her paper appears.
The style conventions that are followed in Papers and Procedings are based
on the Style manual for authors,
editors and printers, sixth edition, John Wiley &
Sons Australia Ltd, Canberra, 2000, pp. 49–135. A summary of the main
conventions follows, with the items listed in alphabetical order. The
style conventions that apply to footnotes and citations are listed
Abbreviations consist of the first letter of
a word, usually some other letters, but not the last letter.
- Abbreviations – such as Mon. Co. Vic.
para. – always have a full stop at the end.
Contractions consist of the first and last
letters of a word and sometimes some other letters in between.
- Contractions – such as, Mr Cwlth Pty Ltd
Rd – do not have a full stop at the end.
We prefer not to use abbreviations and
contractions in the text of a paper. However, they are acceptable in
footnotes, except for a first citation.
Acronyms and initialisms
Acronyms are strings of initial letters (and
sometimes other letters) pronounced as a word.
- For example, Qantas, Anzac, ATSIC, COAG,
scuba, sonar, radar, THRA
Initialisms are strings of initial letters
(and sometimes other letters) not pronounced as a word.
- For example, AOT, NSW, CPI, AMP, SBS, TV,
Full stops are not used in either acronyms
or in initialisms. In the text of a paper we prefer not to include
initialisms and to include acronyms only when they are generally
recognised as proper nouns, such as Qantas, Anzac, scuba, sonar and so
on. Otherwise, please spell out initialisms and acronyms wherever
possible. In footnotes we encourage the use of acronyms and initialisms
in all entries except a first citation.
Capitals are kept to a minimum in both text
In headings and subheading, as well as in
the titles of papers, capitals generally are used only for the first
word and for proper nouns. For example, in titles, ‘The reminiscences
of Captain James William Robinson’; ‘Michael Sharland: for nature and
heritage’. In headings: ‘Trouble with the Ralston Trust’; ‘Sequence of
events’, ‘The school house’, ‘The ups and downs of Tasmanian Orangeism’.
For the titles of books cited in the paper,
capitals are used only for the first word and for proper nouns. For
example: The rise of freemasonry in
Tasmania; Closing Hell’s Gates: the death of a convict station.
This rule also applies to the titles of articles published in
However, for the title of a periodical –
newspapers, magazines and journals – we retain the capitalisation used
by the publisher. For example: Australian
Financial Review; Sydney Morning Herald; Mercury; Tasmanian Historical
Research Association Papers and Procedings; Journal of Police History;
Magazine of the Australian Early Childhood Association.
Note that most newspapers no longer use the
definite article as part of their title. Hence, Mercury not
Use the form 17 March 2005.
The en rule is used for:
- spans of numbers, such as, 1–20; 115–21
- spans of years 1907–20; 2007–08
- indicating an association between words.
For example, Commonwealth–state agreement; Asia–Pacific region, a
parent–child relationship, hand–eye coordination
Italics are used for:
- the titles of all publications (books,
periodicals, plays, long poems, musical compositions, films, videos, TV
and radio programs); and
- the names of landed estates, houses and
ships; the scientific names of animals and plants; for legislation when
cited in full (State Services Act
2000), and for legal cases. Italics are also used for
words or phrases that have not been fully accepted into English. Please
refer to the Macquarie Dictionary
as the authority on whether a phrase has been accepted.
We do not use italics for:
Numbers, money and time
- quotations; and
- the titles of articles, chapters in
books, unpublished theses or reports. Instead, place these titles in
single quotation marks.
Use words for numbers up to 100 and numerals
Exceptions are: fractions, such 12½ or 12.5;
lists where both the following formats are acceptable: 105 sacks, 66
bags and 12 boxes; or 105 sacks, sixty-six bags and twelve boxes.
For numbers above 999, use a comma to
separate sets of three digits: 5,473; 643,000. For very large numbers,
the accepted alternatives are: five million; 2.5 million.
Use digits for money and time. For example:
$68; £9 6s 5d; 6 o’clock; 6 am (but use threepence and sixpence, rather
than 3d and 6d; and ten shillings and fifteen shillings, rather than
10s and 15s.)
For spans of years use the en rule. For
example: 2008–09; 1806–07; or 1804–1806.
For number ranges use the en rule: 11–17;
61–6; 210–33; 610–775.
If a quote has fewer than thirty words it is
enclosed in single quotation marks and retained within the text. To
indicate quotes within a quotation use double quotation marks.
If the quote is 30 words or more it should
be displayed as a separate paragraph, indented two centimetres left and
right, and reduced by one font size. Do not place the indented
paragraph in quotation marks. Quotes within the indented quotation are
enclosed in single quotation marks.
All quotations must follow the original
spelling and punctuation. To indicate an omission, use three ellipsis
points with a space before and after the three points.
Use a single space after all punctuation,
including at the end of a sentence.
Indent the first line of a paragraph.
- indent the first paragraph in the paper
- indent the first paragraph following a
heading or subheading
- indent any paragraph that comes directly
after a figure or a quotation
- insert a line space between paragraphs
insert spaces between the letters of commonly used
acronyms and initialisms, or between the initial letters of given
names. For example: JS Brown, AJP Taylor, ATSIC, SBS, ABS, NSW, THRA.
Footnotes follow the conventions of the
documentary-note system, as outlined on pp. 190, 208–15 of Style manual for authors, editors and
printers, sixth edition.
use Latin expressions such as ibid., op. cit., vide
supra., loc. cit.
While footnotes should consist mainly of
citations, explanatory comments can also be included.
To link each footnote electronically to the
text, use superscript Arabic numerals as in-text identifiers.
Place in –text identifiers immediately after
indented quotes (following the final punctuation mark); and in
place identifiers after the punctuation mark
at the end of a sentence or at the end of a clause or phrase.
Do not place footnote identifiers in titles,
headings or subheadings.
Use only one identifier at each reference
point even when multiple sources are cited.
When citing a number of references in
support of a particular statement in the text, use a semicolon to
separate each reference. But use full stops between references that
relate to different statements in the preceding text. Standard
punctuation rules apply to explanatory comments and to any additional
information included in the footnote. Where the source of additional
information is cited, place the citation after the information.
All elements of a citation are separated by
commas, and a full stop is placed at the end of the citation.
Given names or initial letters precede the
surname of an author or editor. Do not
use a full stop after initial letters and do not place a
space between two or more initial letters. For example, AJ Bigge, NG
Butlin, AGL Shaw
For edited books the name of the editor is
followed by (ed.) or editors (eds). Note that a full stop is not
required after eds
For page numbers use the form: p. 5; pp. 22,
35, 66–79; pp. 256–8. Exception: 16–19 rather than 16–9; 12–14 rather
than 12–4. Note that both a full stop and a space are required after
the ‘p.’ or ‘pp.’ and that spans of numbers are linked using an en
Archives Office of
Archives Office of Tasmania, AA827/1/5, H
Wright to COH Miller.
Subsequent references should be in the form:
AOT, AA827/1/5. Additional information is included only when it is
needed to make the citation explicit.
For the first citation of a book provide the
full bibliographic details in the following order, with the title of
the book in italics:
A Rowntree, The
early settlement of Sandy Bay, Mercury Press, Hobart,
1959, p. 42.
R Davis, Open
to talent: the centenary history of the University of Tasmania
1890–1990, University of Tasmania, Hobart, 1990, p. 9–17.
In subsequent citations use the surname and
page number: Davis, pp. 45–8.
When the author has been cited for more than
one publication, subsequent citations should include the title, as in:
Davis, Open to talent,
pp. 116–23. Where the title is long, a shortened form is acceptable.
Name of state, Parliament, name of journal
including the year, volume number, name of report or procedings,
Parliamentary Paper number, date, page numbers.
Tasmania, Parliament, Journal and Printed Papers of Parliament 1882,
vol. CIX, ‘Fisheries of Tasmania: Report of the Royal Commission’,
Parliamentary Paper 139, 31 October 1882, pp. 6–15.
For subsequent references use this form
(include the page numbers where these differ): Tasmania, Parliament, JPPP 1982, Parliamentary Paper
Periodicals – journals,
magazines and newspapers
When citing an article or paper from a
periodical the name of the periodical is placed in italics and written
exactly as used by the publishers of that journal, magazine or
newspaper. Retain the original capitalisation and any abbreviations
used in the name, such as the ampersand.
The name of the article or paper is placed
in single quotes.
The first citation for and article or paper
published in a periodical should include the following information:
authorship details, with initials preceding the surname, title of
article, title of periodical (followed by, if applicable, series title,
volume number, issue number or other identifier), date of publication,
The volume number and issue number are shown
in the form: vol. 3, no. 5. For example:
S Prout-Hill, ‘Lecture on the principles of
taste’, Colonial Times,
vol. 37, no. 2138, 3 July 1849, p. 3.
M Salmon, ‘An old time circus’, Australian Town & Country Journal,
3 August 1904, p. 34.
For subsequent citations use the author’s
name and the relevant page number.
Where there is more than one citation for
that author, include the minimum of additional information needed to
identify the reference.
State Library of [name of state], branch,
State Library of Tasmania, Tasmaniana
Library, logbook of the barque Wallaby,
5 April 1840 to 15 September 1840.
State Library of Tasmania, Tasmaniana
Library, microfilm PMB 285.
State Library of New South Wales, Mitchell
Library, ML AS91/2.
For subsequent references use the form:
State Library of Tas., logbook of the Wallaby, 5 April 1840 to 15
State Library of Tas., PMB 285
State Library of NSW, ML AS91/2
Name of author, title of thesis (in single
quotation marks), level, university and date. For example:
T Brown, ‘Fight the good fight’, MA thesis,
University of Melbourne, 1988.
For subsequent references use the author’s
surname (and page number if different from the first citation), except
when there is more than one citation for that author. In that case,
include the title (and the date, if preferred). For example:
Brown, p. 109.
Brown, ‘Fight the good fight’, 1988, pp.
Archives Office of Tasmania, Colonial Tasmanian Family Links Detail,
viewed 15 May 2007, http://portal.archives.tas.gov.au/menu
For subsequent references use the form:
abbreviated name of site, title of document.
Tasmanian Family Links Detail.
When a reference is just to the site, rather
than to a particular document at that site, use this form.
Australian War Memorial website, http://www.awm.gov.au
For subsequent references, cite the address